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Every year, about this time, I get hit with lots of questions from people who have started seeds indoors. Here are some of the most common questions, I get asked.
Long, weak stems resulting from inadequate light is called etiolation. There is only one fix for this condition—more light. Seed trays should always be in the brightest window you’ve got. If you’re using artificial light then these work best in combination with the best window you’ve got—turn your artificial lights on 16 hours a day, seven days a week.
If you’re using just artificial lights, the recommended height for artificial light is just a few inches above the seed tray, raising the fixture as the plants grow. The lights are generally left on 16 hours a day. As always, light fixtures can vary so follow the directions that come with yours.
This question is best answered by consulting the back of the seed package. The package will tell you about it long it takes for the seeds to germinate. As a general rule of thumb, pepper and eggplants take anywhere from 10 to 25 days to sprout; tomatoes, around 7 to 10 days; basil and zinnias, 5 to 10 days. Green beans can sprout in as little as 3 to 5 days.
Again, the seed packet is your best source of information. Most members of the tomato family (tomatoes, peppers, eggplants) will start to bear fruit anywhere from 55 to 80 days after transplanting outside (based on starting inside about 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost date). Bush beans, on the other hand, will begin producing only seven or eight weeks after planting.
This is a condition known as damping off. Damping off is a fungus that attacks new seedlings. There is no treatment once you get it, but you can easily prevent it by starting your seedlings in sterile seed-starting soil or little peat pellets, making sure your trays have good air circulation. Always remove the clear plastic greenhouse lids once the seeds have come up. Make sure your trays are in an adequate amount of light; and thin seedlings properly (again, the back of the seed packet will tell you).
We have a great selection of seeds in and now is a perfect time to get long-season veggies (like tomatoes, etc.) and perennial flowers started.